An antioxidant is a molecule that
An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction involving the loss of electrons or an increase in oxidation state. Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions. It was only in the 1860s that the production became massive, and by year 2000 the
Oat or Avena sativa is a species of cereal grain cultivated from its seed. Oats are typically farmed in temperate regions because they require lower heat. Their tolerance to rain is greater than that of barley, rye and wheat. They are annual plants that be planted either during spring or autumn. Oats are approved for human consumption, and they are usually an ingredient for pastries and drinks.
* A bowl of oatmeal is recommended to get the day started, particularly if you are at risk of diabetes or heart disease. This is due to the fact that oats contain beta-glucan, a polysaccharide D-glucose monomer. In 1960s many conducted studies proved the positive effects of beta-glucan on cholesterol levels. Current studies revealed that people with high cholesterol levels (above 220 mg/dl) who consume at least 3g of oatmeal per day can lower their total cholesterol levels by 8 to 23%. This is already very helpful since every 1% descent in cholesterol levels could mean a 2% decrease in the odds of developing cardiovascular disease. Note that high cholesterol levels are associated with the build-up of plaque within blood vessels.
* Every 100g of oats has 16.9g of protein in the form of avenalin, which is a crystalline globulin. Protein is a biological macromolecule that makes up various parts of the body including the muscles. Hence, if you are trying to bulk up, eating a bowl of oatmeal each day is recommended.
* Compared to any other grain, oats have more soluble fiber. This type of dietary fiber dissolves in water and is fermented in the colon and becomes a viscous material. Soluble fiber slows down digestion which could extend satiety and suppress appetite. Therefore, it is a good food choice for individuals who are trying to lose weight. It also interferes with the absorption of sugar, helping the body stabilize the blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes.
* The beta-glucan contained in oats can enhance one’s immune system by helping the neutrophils (a type of white blood cells) reach the site of infection faster. If the pathogens are located quickly, debilitating consequences can be thwarted.
* A study showed that consuming an adequate amount of fiber each day can reduce the risk of developing break cancer among post-menopausal women. 100g of oats has 10g of dietary fiber.
* Oats are also a good source of potassium. With a bowl of oatmeal there is 429mg of potassium. This chemical element is important in maintaining electrolyte balance within the body and controlling muscle contraction.
Oats contain avenin which can be harmful to the intestinal mucosa of individuals who are avenin-sensitive. Those suffering from celiac disease are advised to undertake a gluten-free diet which means they should also avoid oats.